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Lesley_GNSC
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PostSubject: Re: Japanese Learners Club   Mon Jul 07, 2008 3:31 pm

6: roku

...lol...

[/obscure referance nobdoy will get]

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Calvin
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PostSubject: Re: Japanese Learners Club   Mon Jul 07, 2008 3:57 pm

Lesley_GSC wrote:
6: roku

...lol...

[/obscure referance nobdoy will get]
?

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Armads
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PostSubject: Re: Japanese Learners Club   Mon Jul 07, 2008 5:21 pm

Lesley_GSC wrote:
6: roku

...lol...

[/obscure referance nobdoy will get]

lol, I get it. I still need to watch the end of that series though. ^_^

[The rest of] SERIES I

2000: nisen
3000: sanzen
4000: yonsen
5000: gosen
6000: rokusen
7000: nanasen
8000: hassen
9000: kyuusen
1,0000: ichiman

Ten thousand written as 1,0000 is not a typo there. In the English numeral system, longer numbers are written with a comma every three digits; in Japanese numerals, there is a comma every four digits. These numbers are read aloud by the number of ten thousands, number of thousands, then number of hundreds, tens, and ones. (So they're pretty tough to read in the English format; rewriting them to Japanese style makes it ten times easier.)

12,345 = 1,2345: Ichiman nisen sanbyaku yonjuu go
123,456 = 12,3456: juuniman sanzen yonhyaku gojuu roku
1,000,000 = 100,0000: hyakuman
99,999,999 = 9999,9999: kyuusen kyuuhyaku kyuujuu kyuuman kyuusen kyuuhyaku kyuujuu kyuu (The highest number I know. =P)

SERIES II

1: hito-
2: futa-
3: mi-
4: yo-
5: itsu-
6: mu-
7: nana-
8: ya-
9: kokono-
10: to or tou

This series is of Japanese origin (Series I is actually Chinese, lol) and is used mostly for counting objects, while Series I is mainly mathematical. The deal with the hyphens is that when counting objects, special words called "counters" (very creative name) are added. Most counters are added to the Series I numerals; however, the "universal counter", tsu, is added to Series II only. Also, this series stops at 10; when counting more than 10 objects, Series I numerals are used, and without counters.

Counters -en, -hon, and -satsu
-en is added to the Series I numerals to count yen, which is of course money.
Gohyaku-en wo onegai-shimasu. = Please give me 500 yen.

-hon counts objects that are long and cylindrical in shape, such as pencils.
Enpitsu san-bon wo onegai-shimasu. = Please give me three pencils.

-satsu counts bound objects such as... books. (I really can't think of anything else that would fit that description. >_>)
Sono hon ni-satsu wo misete kudasai. = Please show me those two books.

Counter -tsu
-tsu is the "universal counter" used for things that either don't have a specified counter, or you simply don't know the counter for them (which makes it so cool ^_^). -tsu is added only to Series II numerals.
Isu futa-tsu wo irimasu. = I need two chairs.
Kuruma juuni ga michi ni arimasu. = There are twelve cars in the street.
Remember that when counting more than ten objects, Series I numerals are used without counters.

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